A simple guide to understand the most common acronyms related to Italian wines.


Denominazione di Origine Controllata (Controlled Denomination of Origin). Wines produced from grapes harvested in a specific geographical area and vinified according to rules laid down in a product specification.


Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (Denomination of Origin Controlled and Guaranteed). As for DOC wines, with this abbreviation are identified the wines produced in a demarcated area and produced in a particular discipline, but in this case, there are bodies to ensure that the grapes come from a land that meet specific characteristics (type of soil, morphology ,…) and that methods of cultivation are sticking to the terms of the discipline, especially as regards the yields per hectare.


Indicazione Geografica Tipica (Tipical Geographical Indication). This category encompasses all the wines from a particular geographical area and from a production area that is often much larger, recognized by the European Community. Not having to conform to any rules of production, the cultivation and subsequent vinification, aging and maturing are free. Additional entries are the grapes, if present in quantities exceeding 85%, and the color of the wine. This appellation was created in 1992 for wines that were considered to be of higher quality than simple table wines, but which did not conform to the strict wine laws for their region. Before the IGT was created, Super Tuscan wines such as Tignanello were labeled Vino da Tavola.


Vino da Tavola (Table Wine). Wine not classifiable in other categories, provided that the alcoholic strength between 8.5% and 15% vol. This wines are typically of lesser quality than those labeled with IGT, DOC or DOCG, but not always; the Super Tuscans are often labeled as Vino da Tavola.